The first commercial winery that was established in Canada was in Ontario,
on Pelee Island in 1866.First ice wine maker in Ontario were Inniskillin in 1983, although birds destroyed the crop of grapes the day prior to its harvest. Pelee Island Winery was the first Ontario-based winery to successfully produce ice wine, producing 50 bottles of the product in the same year.In 1999 the Legislative Assembly of Ontario naming the
Vintners Quality Alliance as Ontario's official wine authority.
Niagara Peninsula Wineries
The Niagara Peninsula is the largest wine-producing region in Canada. Spread across 5,500 hectares (13,600 acres) of land, the growing region is the largest viticultural area in Canada.The growing region comprises most of the Niagara Peninsula, bounded by Lake Ontario to the north, the Niagara River to the west, the Welland River to the south, and the city of Hamilton to the west.The Niagara Escarpment is a notable geographic feature of the region, rising 177 metres (581 ft) above sea-level, and is used to provide slopes, and elevations, for the cultivation of different wines.As opposed to other regions, the soil of the Niagara Peninsula varies significantly depending on the area.Because of this variation, the VQA recognizes 10 sub-appellations in the Niagara Peninsula.
Southern Ontario is in roughly the same latitude as southern France (Provence and the Languedoc). These regions have a tradition of growing tender fruit such as apricots and peaches, and has the growing conditions to consistently ripen many varieties of vitis vinifera grapes. All three official wine growing regions in Ontario relies on either Lake Ontario, or Lake Erie as a moderating effect for the air temperature.Grape Growing in Ontario has its challenges, particularly outside of the southern regions normally associated with tender fruits. At times, wine regions in Ontario suffer from harsh winters which can damage tender vines. In addition, its humid summers can increase the pressure from fungal diseases. However, experience and advancement in technology in recent decades have led to the development of vineyard management techniques (for example, the use of wind machines in vineyards), variety selection and winemaking techniques to meet